What is Civil Litigation?

Civil litigation is a legal process that enables individuals, businesses and other entities to utilize the court system to work through disputes. Unlike a criminal case, in which an individual is prosecuted for violation of a law or statute with the end penalty being monetary fines, imprisonment or both, civil litigation is a personal disagreement in which one or more parties is seeking for a judge to award monetary restitution for a wrong committed against them. There are five common types of civil litigation which might be heard in a court of law.

  • Personal injury
  • Breach of contract
  • Divorce and family law
  • Property disputes
  • Landlord and tenant disputes

Personal injury

A person injured case is filed because of the negligence of another individual or entity that results in some form of bodily injury. The most common cases are the result of a motor vehicle accident, a slip-fall case or a product liability.

Divorce and family

A family law case can be a particularly difficult civil litigation process because of the emotion that is involved in family dynamics. Generally, these are the result of a petition for separation or divorce, child custody, child support and domestic violence cases.

Breach of contract

Contracts typically state very clearly the expectations one party has of another. When the terms of this documentation are not met, the wronged party has the right to file a lawsuit for breach of contract. The plaintiff can sue to recover the monetary loss as a result of the default of the contract or they might request that the judge order the defendant to act in accordance with the stipulations of the contract.

Landlord and tenant

One of the most common forms of landlord/tenant legal matters is an eviction. This typically arises when the tenant does not comply with the terms of the lease agreement.

Property disputes    

Typical property disputes include property line disagreements, ownership rights and concerns and title claims. While the plaintiff might choose to seek financial compensation for these cases, often they are simply looking for the right of ownership.

At Skinner & Associates, Attorneys at Law, we are professionals in civil litigation cases in the State of Ohio. If you or someone you know has a civil dispute, contact our trusted team for a free consultation.

Civil Litigation

The information at the Skinner & Associates, LLC web site is intended for general informational purposes only and not as specific legal advice. Use of this site is not intended to and does not in any way establish an attorney-client relationship. Visitors to this site should seek professional legal counsel regarding their specific matters. Attorneys at Skinner & Associates, LLC would be pleased to speak with interested parties, but we can only represent clients where we are licensed to practice, and where no other bar to representation exists. If the information provided by this website does not comply with the legal or ethical requirements of a particular user’s state or country, we may be unable to represent you.

Although we are a general practice law firm, we may be considered a debt relief agency because we help people file for bankruptcy relief under the Bankruptcy Code.

 

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